These sites are not exhaustive. If you don’t find the information you’re looking for, consult the site of the publisher or contact them directly.
Note: HAL uses the Sherpa/Romeo site references and will link to the relevant page if the review is included on that site.
An embargo is a period during which the publisher restricts the diffusion of a document they have published. During this time, a file deposited into an Open Archive is not freely accessible.
If a publisher has imposed an embargo on a document, it may still be deposited into HAL but the embargo period must be added to the document. The file will be visible as a bibliographic record until the embargo has passed, at which point the file will become visible/accessible.
Example: An article is published online June 19 2019 on the publisher’s website. If they have set an embargo for 6 months after publication, the article will not be visible on HAL until 19 December 2019. Even if the article is deposited before that date, the restriction must be respected and enforced by the depositor.
An author has the right to apply an embargo to any of their unpublished works.
This is a summary, not an official translation and any questions must refer directly to the text in French (Loi n°2016-1321 du 7 octobre 2016 (art. 30)).
The text of this law makes clear that if research:
the author or authors have the right, with the consent of any coauthors, to deposit the resulting research, in the form of the manuscript accepted by a publisher, into an open archive in a digital form.
This can be done from the moment of publication, if the publisher allows, but a publisher’s embargo cannot last more than six months for a publication in the domain of sciences and no more than 12 months for a publication in the domain of human and social sciences.
You are affected if:
What does this law give the author the right to do? Whatever the contract with a publisher might say, the author can deposit the accepted manuscript of their work into HAL as soon as it has been published:
without an embargo if the article is freely available on the publisher’s site with an embargo of no more than 6 months for the sciences, technology, and medicine, and no more than 12 months for human sciences.
This article is again present in the Code de la Recherche, Article L533-4.
Resources: (in French)
Creative Commons is a licensing tool that gives an author the ability to easily manage the use of their work. Various licenses can help:
The 4 options create 6 licenses:
CC licenses are non-revocable: if an author decides at any moment to change the terms of their CC license or to revoke it entirely, this change will not be retroactive. Thus, any copies already distributed or in circulation would not be affected.
If multiple authors created a work, always ask all involved for permission before applying a CC license.
An author can choose to apply a CC license to their work when they wish to deposit an unpublished document that they may not ultimately submit to a publisher.
If a document is already Open Access, the author must add the same license already mentioned on the publisher’s website/published version (normally found on the bottom of the first page).
If the author is submitting a document that is already freely accessible, they should verify that no CC license already applies to the work.
While files on HAL are freely available, all authors retain their intellectual property rights. They must be correctly cited and recognized as the creator/author of the document.
HAL’s metadata can be consulted in whole or in part by harvesting in compliance with the intellectual property code.
HAL does not permit the commercial use of extracted data.
Users must cite the source (example: hal.science.fr/hal-0000000001)